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Cellulitis & Abscess

When should you be checked out? 

 

There are many types and causes of skin infections, and it is important to know the most likely cause of the infection before beginning treatment. Using the wrong treatment could allow the infection to worsen. To ensure that the correct treatment is used, it is important to be evaluated by a healthcare provider.

What are cellulitis? 

Cellulitis are skin infections that cause redness, pain, and swelling. Cellulitis tends to affect deep layers of skin and sometimes the fat under the skin.

Cellulitis can happen when germs get into the skin. Normally, different types of germs live on a person’s skin. Most of the time, these germs do not cause any problems. But if a person gets a cut or a break in the skin, the germs can get into the skin and cause an infection.

Certain conditions can increase a person’s chance of getting cellulitis. These include:

Having a cut (even a tiny one)

Having another type of skin infection or a long-term skin condition

Having swelling of the skin or swelling in the body

Being overweight

 

Will I need tests?

Most people do not need any tests. Your doctor will do an exam and look at your skin.

It’s important for a doctor or nurse to do an exam to figure out what kind of infection you have. The right treatment for a skin infection depends on the type of infection it is and which germs are causing it. Your doctor or nurse might need to do tests to figure out the cause of your infection.

If you have cellulitis or erysipelas, it’s important to get treated. These infections can spread to the whole body and become serious if not treated.

How are cellulitis treated? 

These infections are treated with antibiotic pills. If your doctor prescribes medicine for you to take at home, it is important to follow the directions exactly. Take all of the pills you are given, even if you feel better before you finish them. If you do not take all the pills, the infection can come back worse.

People who have severe infections might be treated in the hospital and given antibiotics through a thin tube that goes into the vein, called an “IV”.

What can I do to help treat my infection? 

You can:

Raise your arm or leg (if your infection is on your arm or leg) to reduce swelling – Raise the arm or leg up above the level of your heart 3 or 4 times a day, for 30 minutes each time.

Keep the infected area clean and dry – You can take a shower or bath, but be sure to pat the area dry with a towel afterward. Do not put any antibiotic ointments or creams on the area.

Should I call my doctor or nurse? — You should call your doctor or nurse if your symptoms do not get better within 3 days of starting treatment. You should also call if the red area gets:

Bigger

More swollen

More painful

Your doctor or nurse might do another exam or tests to see if you need different medicines.

 

Can skin infections be prevented?

Sometimes. If you cut your skin, make sure to wash the area well with soap and water. This can help prevent the area from getting infected. If you have a long-term skin condition, ask your doctor or nurse what you can do to help prevent infections.